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Shoulder Conditions

Dr. Pamela Mehta, MD
The Best Shoulder Specialist in San Jose

Table of Contents

Expert Care From a Shoulder Specialist

Dr. Pamela Mehta is a board-certified shoulder specialist who specializes in the shoulder joint. She is the founder of Resilience Orthopedics in San Jose, California.

Dr. Mehta has extensive experience in diagnosing and treating all shoulder conditions, including rotator cuff tears, shoulder instability, impingement syndrome, and arthritis.

She is also an expert in arthroscopic shoulder surgery, which is a minimally invasive procedure that can help to repair shoulder injuries with a shorter recovery time.

If you are experiencing pain, shoulder specialist Dr. Mehta can help you get back to your active lifestyle. She offers concierge care, which means that you will have her undivided attention throughout your treatment.

She will work with you to create a personalized treatment plan that meets your individual needs.

Pamela Mehta, Shoulder Specialist

Book a Consultation with Dr. Pamela Mehta, MD

The Best Shoulder Specialist in San Jose

Dr. Mehta is a board-certified orthopedic surgeon who can help you recover from your joint condition.

We can help if you:

What Shoulder Services Do We Offer?

Shoulder Pain Assessment

Shoulder Pain is frustrating and can impact both your sleep and your mental health. Dr. Mehta is a shoulder specialist and can diagnose your pain, offering various surgical and non-surgical treatments.

Shoulder Surgery

If your shoulder condition is severe, or nothing you have tried has helped, Dr. Mehta can advise you on the options for surgery. She is a shoulder specialist and can offer expert opinion and care.

Treatment of Shoulder Conditions

Including

Frozen Shoulder

Frozen shoulder makes your shoulder stiff and can make movement painful.

Bicep Tendinitis

Bicep tendonitis causes pain in your upper arm and can lead to a bicep tendon tear.

Shoulder Impingement

Shoulder impingement makes it difficult to raise your arms above your head.

Shoulder Bursitis

Shoulder bursitis gives you a tender shoulder and makes it difficult to sleep.

Shoulder Separation

Shoulder separation is a sprain in the AC joint near your shoulder.

Rotator Cuff Tear

Rotator cuff tears can occur during sports and make overhead movements difficult.

Dislocated Shoulder

Shoulder dislocation causes a disformed and painful shoulder and can be recurrent.

And Many More!

Dr. Mehta offers diagnosis and treatment of all shoulder conditions and can offer her specialist opinion as an expert shoulder specialist.

Shoulder Anatomy & Function

Your shoulder is a large and complex joint that allows you to perform many movements with your arm. It has both dexterity and strength, allowing you to move your hands into any position they require, while also supporting heavy pushing and pulling movements.

The shoulder is a “ball and socket” joint, meaning it can move through many angles, as the “ball” (the head of your humerus) moves within the socket (the shoulder blade). While we call it the shoulder joint, it’s actually made up of four joints that work together to help your shoulder movements.

To allow for complex movements and heavy lifting, your shoulder joint contains many muscles and has cartilage on its surface to allow your bones to move easily against each other. To keep your shoulder stable, the joint also contains ligaments and tendons.

Your shoulder joint is commonly injured during sporting activities, household chores, and work-related incidents. It can also suffer from inflammation, which gives you pain in the shoulder that can prevent restful sleep.

xray showing shoulder anatomy
anatomy of the shoulder bones

Bones

Your Shoulder joint includes three bones:

  • The humerus is the bone of your upper arm, connecting your shoulder to your elbow. The top of your humerus is rounded to allow for a wide range of motion.
  • The scapula (shoulder blade) is the bone that sits at the back of the shoulder. It is triangular and connects to both the humerus (the joint’s “ball”) in the glenoid cavity (the joint’s “socket”), and the clavicle bone, to support and strengthen the joint.
  • The clavicle (collarbone) is a thin bone that connects the scapula to the sternum (breastbone). This bone also helps to stabilize the shoulder joint when you lift your arms, shrug, move the shoulder back and forward, and reach behind your back.

Joints of the Shoulder

While we refer to the “shoulder joint”, it’s actually a collection of four joints.

  • The Glenohumeral joint (GH joint) is the main joint of the shoulder and is the “ball and socket” joint between the scapula and humerus.
  • The Acromioclavicular joint (AC joint) is the joint between the acromion of the scapula and your clavicle.
  • The Sternoclavicular joint (SC joint) is the joint between the clavicle and sternum.

The Scapulothoracic joint is the joint between the scapula and the ribs at the back of your chest.

Ligaments

Your Shoulder has many ligaments that help to stabilize the shoulder and keep the shoulder bones in position while the shoulder joint moves.

  • Glenohumeral ligaments – Attaching between the humerus and the scapula, these three ligaments (superior, middle, and inferior glenohumeral ligaments) keep the glenohumeral joint stable as it moves.
  • Coracohumeral ligament – A strong and broad ligament that joins the scapula and the humerus. This ligament helps to strengthen the upper part of the glenohumeral joint.
  • Transverse humeral ligament – Attaching in two places to the humerus, this broad ligament keeps the biceps tendon in place.
  • Coracoacromial ligament – Attaches to the coracoid process and acromion of the scapula, this ligament protects the top of your humerus.
diagram of the anatomy of the shoulder ligaments

Cartilage

Your shoulder joints contain articular cartilage, also known as chondral cartilage, which lines the surface of the shoulder bones within the joint. Articular cartilage is made of strong tissue which has a smooth surface. When the bones of your shoulder joint move against each other, the cartilage allows them to glide freely and prevents friction.

Shoulder arthritis happens when the cartilage is injured or worn down over time and the bones begin to rub against each other, causing pain and inflammation.

anatomy of the shoulder muscles including rotator cuff

Muscles

The shoulder joint requires muscles that can perform strong and complex movements of your arm. Some of your shoulder muscles include:

The Rotator Cuff. A group of four muscles – subscapularis, infraspinatus, teres minor, and supraspinatus. These muscles stabilize the glenohumeral joint and help you perform a wide range of motions and activities including heavy lifting. Rotator cuff tear is a common condition that can cause shoulder pain.

Deltoid. The largest muscle in your shoulder, this muscle is triangular and covers the glenohumeral joint. The deltoid muscle connects all three of your shoulder bones and is important in protecting your shoulder joint during heavy lifting.

Trapezius. This muscle, along with the levator scapulae and rhomboid muscles, connect the base of your skull and spine to the clavicle and scapula. They help to support your posture.

More Resources on Shoulder Conditions